Nur Syamimi Zaidi Bieby Voijant Tangahu Ghina Rizqina Ersa Widhowati Kesoema Wardhani Putri Ramadhany Tony Hadibarata


Water pollution issues and clean water needs have forced developing countries, such as Malaysia. Relating to clean water demand for covering human activities, water quality index determine several water parameter that presents pollution problem in water. As a water source, clean water in river is a critical concern. River water quality is according to natural process and anthropogenic activities. River water is potential to be contaminated by industrial, domestic and agricultural activities. Thus, in this study, water quality and availability in Manik Urai, Durian and Geh rivers were reviewed. Each pollutants was investigated, for instance BOD, COD, DO, SS, and pH. Range of river water flow was also examined. Total water demand was mentioned. In addition, the impacts of drought in 1990-2016 were assessed. However, review resulted that climate change has severe impact in water supply system.


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How to Cite
Zaidi, N. S., Tangahu, B. V., Ersa, G. R., Wardhani, . W. K., Ramadhany, P., & Hadibarata, T. (2022). Water quality in Malaysia: review Manik Urai, Durian and Geh rivers. Environmental and Toxicology Management, 2(2), 26–30. https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v2i2.3409
River water, water quality index, water pollution, drought, climate change


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Nur Syamimi Zaidi, School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, 81310, Malaysia

Bieby Voijant Tangahu, Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

Ghina Rizqina Ersa, Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

Widhowati Kesoema Wardhani, Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

Putri Ramadhany, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia

Tony Hadibarata, Environmental Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Malaysia, Miri, CDT 250, Malaysia

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