Influential factors to occupy green residential building among green building occupants
Keywords:Green residential building, occupancy rate, factors, location, green building index (GBI)
Green building has been proven having higher occupancy rate than conventional building. The occupancy rate of ENERGY STAR and LEED-certified green office building are 8% to 18% higher than conventional office building. Previous research has proved that occupants prefer to occupy green office building due to various green benefits. However, most of these researches were conducted on green office building. Therefore, this study is motivated to identify the influential factors for occupants to occupy green residential building. The aim of this study is to evaluate factors that influence occupants to occupy green certified residential building. 75 questionnaires were distributed among occupants of green certified residential building namely Molek Pine 4 and Ponderosa Lakeside Apartment in Johor Bahru. The results were analysed using frequency analysis. Location and good environment quality are the most significant factors that influence occupants to occupy the green certified residential building in Johor Bahru. This research is noteworthy for property industry players especially property developer in guiding the direction of green residential building development in accordance with occupants’ and market preferences.
Alias, A. A., Sin, T., Aziz, W. (2010). The green home concept–acceptability and development problems. Journal of Building Performance, 1(1).
Al-Saadi, S.N., Al-Hajri, J., Sayari, M.A. (2017). Energy-efficient retrofitting strategies for residential buildings in hot climate of Oman. Energy Procedia, 142, 2009–14.
Azis, S. S. A. (2021). Improving present-day energy savings among green building sector in Malaysia using benefit transfer approach: Cooling and lighting loads. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 137, 110570.
Chau, C. K., Tse, M. S., Chung, K. Y. (2010). A choice experiment to estimate the effect of green experience on preferences and willingness-to-pay for green building attributes. Building and Environment, 45(11), 2553-2561.
Chen, E. L. L. (2000). An overview of the Malaysian property market. In UPM Workshop: Environment Friendly Township for Developing Countries. Serdang, Malaysia: UPM Press.
Circo, C. J. (2007). Using mandates and incentives to promote sustainable construction and green building projects in the private sector: a call for more state land use policy initiatives. Penn St. L. Rev., 112, 731.
Dale, A., Newman, L. L. (2009). Sustainable developmentfor some: green urban development and affordability. Local environment, 14(7), 669-681.
Devine, A., Kok, N. (2015). Green certification and building performance: Implications for tangibles and intangibles. The Journal of Portfolio Management, 41(6), 151-163.
Elias, E. M., Bakar, A. A., Bahaudin, A. Y., Husin, F. M. (2013). Green residential buildings: The perspective of potential buyers. In Proceedings of 3rd Global Accounting, Finance and Economics Conference, pp. 1-12.
Fuerst, F., McAllister, P. (2009). An investigation of the effect of ecolabeling on office occupancy rates. Journal of Sustainable Real Estate, 1(1), 49-64.
Geng, Y., Ji, W., Wang, Z., Lin, B., Zhu, Y. (2019). A review of operating performance in green buildings: Energy use, indoor environmental quality and occupant satisfaction. Energy and Buildings, 183, 500-514.
Gou, Z., Xie, X. (2017). Evolving green building: triple bottom line or regenerative design? Journal of Cleaner Production, 153, 600-607.
Hu, H., Geertman, S., Hooimeijer, P. (2014). The willingness to pay for green apartments: The case of Nanjing, China. Urban Studies, 51(16), 3459-3478.
Hulchanski, J. D. (1995). The concept of housing affordability: Six contemporary uses of the housing expenditure-toincome ratio. Housing studies, 10(4), 471-491.
Illankoon, I. C. S., Tam, V. W., Le, K. N. (2017). Environmental, economic, and social parameters in international green building rating tools. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 143(2), 05016010.
Jenks, M. (2000). The acceptability of urban intensification. Achieving sustainable urban form, 242, 250.
Kozlowski, D. (2003). Green gains: Where sustainable design stands now. Building Operating Management, Vol. 50 No. 7, pp. 26-32.
Kutty, N. K. (2005). A new measure of housing affordability: Estimates and analytical results. Housing policy debate, 16(1), 113-142.
Li, D., Cui, P., Lu, Y. (2016). Development of an automated estimator of life- cycle carbon emissions for residential buildings: A case study in Nanjing, China. Habitat international, 57, 154-163.
Li, Q., Long, R., Chen, H. (2018). Differences and influencing factors for Chinese urban resident willingness to pay for green housings: Evidence from five first-tier cities in China. Applied energy, 229, 299-313.
Liu, Y., Shi, X., Wang, Y. P., Sun, T. (2019). Promoting Green Residential Buildings in China: Bridging the Gap between Design and Operation to Improve Occupants’ Residential Satisfaction. Sustainability, 11(13), 3590.
Mendell, M. J., Fisk, W. J., Kreiss, K., Levin, H., Alexander, D., Cain, W. S., . . . Milton, D. K. (2002). Improving the health of workers in indoor environments: priority research needs for a national occupational research agenda. American journal of public health, 92(9), 1430-1440.
Miller, N., Spivey, J., Florance, A. (2008). Does green pay off? Journal of Real Estate Portfolio Management, 14(4), 385-400.
Mohamed, H., Chang, J.D., Alshayeb, M. (2015). Effectiveness of high reflective roofs in minimizing energy consumption in residential buildings in Iraq. Procedia Engineering, 118, 879–85.
Moore, T., Nicholls, L., Strengers, Y., Maller, C., Horne, R. (2017). Benefits and challenges of energy efficient social housing. Energy Procedia, 121, 300-307.
Mulliner, E., Smallbone, K., Maliene, V. (2013). An assessment of sustainable housing affordability using a multiple criteria decision making method. Omega, 41(2), 270-279.
Olubunmi, O. A., Xia, P. B., Skitmore, M. (2016). Green building incentives: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 59, 1611-1621.
Portnov, B. A., Trop, T., Svechkina, A., Ofek, S., Akron, S., Ghermandi, A. (2018). Factors affecting homebuyers’ willingness to
pay green building price premium: Evidence from a nationwide survey in Israel. Building and Environment, 137, 280-
Pradhan, S., Al-Ghamdi, S. G., Mackey, H. R. (2019). Greywater recycling in buildings using living walls and green roofs: A review of the applicability and challenges. Science of The Total Environment, 652, 330-344.
Qian, Q. K., Chan, E. H., Visscher, H., Lehmann, S. (2015). Modeling the green building (GB) investment decisions of developers and end-users with transaction costs (TCs) considerations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 109, 315-325.
Ran, J., Tang, M. (2017). Effect of green roofs combined with ventilation on indoor cooling and energy consumption. Energy Procedia, 141, 260-266.
Refahi, A. H., Talkhabi, H. (2015). Investigating the effective factors on the reduction of energy consumption in residential buildings with green roofs. Renewable Energy, 80, 595-603.
Rosas-Flores, J. A., Zenón-Olvera, E., Gálvez, D. M. (2019). Potential energy saving in urban and rural households of Mexico
with solar photovoltaic systems using geographical information system. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 116,
Simcoe, T., Toffel, M. W. (2014). Government green procurement spillovers: Evidence from municipal building policies in California. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 68(3), 411-434.
Song, X., Lu, Y., Shen, L., Shi, X. (2018). Will China’s building sector participate in emission trading system? Insights from modelling an owner’s optimal carbon reduction strategies. Energy policy, 118, 232-244.
Taleb, H.M. (2014). Using passive cooling strategies to improve thermal performance and reduce energy consumption of residential buildings in UAE buildings. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 3(2), 154–65.
Tan, W.L., Goh, Y.N. (2018). The role of psychological factors in influencing consumer purchase intention towards green residential building. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis. doi:10.1108/ijhma-11-2017-0097.
Wang, N., Phelan, P. E., Harris, C., Langevin, J., Nelson, B., Sawyer, K. (2018). Past visions, current trends, and future context: A review of building energy, carbon, and sustainability. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, 976-993.
Wang, X., Altan, H., Kang, J. (2015). Parametric study on the performance of green residential buildings in China. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 4(1), 56–67.
Wiley, J. A., Benefield, J. D., Johnson, K. H. (2010). Green design and the market for commercial office space. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 41(2), 228-243.
Yam, L.H.S. and McGreal, W.S. (2010). House-buyers’ expectations with relation to corporate social responsibility for Malaysian housing. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 132-145. doi: 10.1108/17538271011049759.
Yang, X., Zhang, J., Zhao, X. (2018). Factors affecting green residential building development: Social network analysis. Sustainability, 10(5), 1389.
Yau, Y. (2012). Willingness to pay and preferences for green housing attributes in Hong Kong. Journal of Green Building, 7(2), 137-152.
Zalejska-Jonsson, A. (2014). Stated WTP and rational WTP: Will ingness to pay for green apartments in Sweden. Sustainable Cities and Society, 13, 46-56.
Zhang, L., Chen, L., Wu, Z., Zhang, S., Song, H. (2018). Investigating young consumers’ purchasing intention of green housing in China. Sustainability, 10(4), 1044.
Zhao, D., McCoy, A. P., Agee, P., Mo, Y., Reichard, G., Paige, F. (2018). Time effects of green buildings on energy use for low-income households: A longitudinal study in the United States. Sustainable cities and society, 40, 559-568.
Zhao, D.-X., He, B.-J., Johnson, C., Mou, B. (2015). Social problems of green buildings: From the humanistic needs to social acceptance. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51, 1594-1609.
Źróbek, S., Trojanek, M., Źróbek-Sokolnik, A., Trojanek, R. (2015). The influence of environmental factors on property buyers’ choice of residential location in poland. Journal of International Studies, 7(3), 163-173.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Shazmin Shareena Ab. Azis, Nur Amira Aina Zulkifli, Nur Hannani Ab. Rahman
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.