Vol. 1 No. 2 (2021) Green chemistry for environmental problem solutions

There is a need for managing the environment and green chemistry becomes the promising approach to achieve this aim. Green chemistry refers to the design and synthesis of environmentally benign chemical processes, which include the development of biomaterials and synthesis of bioproducts from natural resources. This concept focuses on the reduction of the use and fabrication of hazardous chemicals.

Published: 2021-05-11


Phytochemical and Toxicity Analysis of Leucas zeylanica crude extracts

Faizuan Abdullah, Noor Aida FaziraMohd Salleh, Muhammad Luqman Selahuddeen
DOI : https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v1i2.2072
Abstract views: 500 , Downloads : 426

Leucas zeylanica (L.) R. Br. (L. zeylanica) originated from Lamiaceae family which is also known as “Pokok ketumbit” by local Malaysian is famous for therapeutic treatment uses especially in India and Sri Lanka. Throughout this study, four different solvents which were n-hexane, chloroform, methanol, and distilled water used in the extraction method using c

A review of application of natural products as fungicides for chili

Khoirul Ngibad, Afidatul Muadifah, Lailatul Jannah Triarini, Laily Rizki Amalia, Novita Karel Damayanti
DOI : https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v1i2.2022
Abstract views: 1148 , Downloads : 724

Anthracnose disease in chillies is a serious problem for farmers. So far, synthetic fungicides have been used as solution for the treatment of this disease. However, the side effects of synthetic fungicides to  public health and environment raised awareness on  alternative fungicides derived from natural resources. This paper aims to review plants that  are  potential as an alternative to f

Cleaner production: a brief review on definitions, trends and the importance in environment protection.

Tony Hadibarata, Xing Kai Chia
DOI : https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v1i2.2273
Abstract views: 964 , Downloads : 1432

There are several environmental issues caused by economic growth and urbanization, such as soil degradation, water scarcity, deforestation, and biodiversity extinction. To solve these environmental problem issues, cleaner production (CP) had presented as account to reduce waste generation, energy usage and environmental pollution.CP concept was accepted and applied on many industrial sectors. B

Removal of silver nanoparticles using phytoremediation method

Aida Atikah Mad Akahir, Zainab Mat Lazim, Salmiati Salmiati
DOI : https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v1i2.2265
Abstract views: 363 , Downloads : 235

This paper presents on removal of silver nanoparticles using phytoremediation. In this study, floating macrophyte (Pistia stratiotes) was used for phytoremediation of silver nanoparticles. This study investigated the performance of Pistia stratiotes in the removal of silver nanoparticles using phytoremediation method. The silver nanoparticles were green synthesized by using Muntingia calabura s

Morphological characterization of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria from treated latex processing wastewater

Farrah Aini Dahalan, Nor Azizah Parmin
DOI : https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v1i2.2263
Abstract views: 274 , Downloads : 284

A preliminary morphological screening and isolation of bacterial colony from latex industrial wastewater was carried out. Bacteria colonies from latex processing wastewater were isolated from a local latex processing industry. It was found that 17 bacterial isolates had been purified grown on nutrient agar under 35˚C. The colonies were then purified and morphologically indicated via Gram stain

Appropriate technology adaptation to mitigate community transmission of SARS CoV2 virus in resourced challenged Bhutan and Bangladesh

Nadim Reza Khandaker
DOI : https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v1i2.2264
Abstract views: 272 , Downloads : 388

The SARS CoV2 pandemic has a tremendous impact on both developed and developing countries. To mitigate against community transmission of SARS CoV2 in Southern Bhutan and Central Bangladesh, the development and application of appropriate technologies was undertaken. As an appropriate mitigation, hand washing station was constructed by a simple system. The system was operated using a foot peda