Green technology of natural fiber reinforced bio-composites as alternative sustainable product


  • Tony Hadibarata Environmental Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Malaysia, Miri, CDT 250, Malaysia
  • Winda Umarie Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
  • Bieby Voijant Tangahu Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
  • Putri Ramadhany Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia
  • Gilang Ananda Putra Department of Sustainable Systems Engineering, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, 79110, Germany



bio-composite, natural fibers, green composites, green technology, sustainable technology


Proactive strategies are being opted by metallurgical, foundry and manufacturing industries with respect to their experiences working with product designing based on product life cycle assessments. Without the consideration of the potential impacts on the life cycle, the development of new products would barely be sustainable. “Green” composites or bio-composites are fully degradable composites mainly consisting of a blend of biopolymer matrix and natural fibers which act as a reinforcing phase. In this study, natural bio-composite was reviewed as an alternative sustainable product. The types of natural fibers were also described as raw material of natural bio-composite. In addition, development natural fibers nowadays were mentioned. Furthermore, the application of natural fiber reinforced bio-composites was also presented.


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How to Cite

Hadibarata, T., Umarie, W., Voijant Tangahu, B., Ramadhany, P. ., & Ananda Putra, G. (2022). Green technology of natural fiber reinforced bio-composites as alternative sustainable product. Environmental and Toxicology Management, 2(2), 21–25.

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