Groundwater quality assesment in Ropar wetland between summer season and winter season


  • Goh Zhu hang Environmental Engineering Program, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, CDT 250, Miri, Sarawak, 98009, Malaysia
  • Nelda Maelissa Department of Civil Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Ambon, Ambon, 97234, Indonesia
  • Loh Zhang Zhan School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor, 81310, Malaysia
  • Atik Widiyanti Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 60111, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Winda Umarie Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
  • Eddy Setiadi Soedjono Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia



groundwater, contaminated groundwater, groundwater management, groundwater in wetland


Water covers 70% of the world’s total surface, but only around 3% of it is freshwater that humans may drink and utilize for other purposes. Because of fast growth in many nations, the quality of groundwater is no longer adequate for human consumption. The objective of the study is to assess the groundwater quality of 18 locations in the Ropar wetland in Punjab, India, in different seasons and different source groundwater. When compared to uncontaminated natural groundwater, the groundwater obtained from the test sites had higher pH values. The amount of groundwater pollution is higher in the summer than in the winter. However, there are many challenges face by the groundwater quality research. The groundwater quality in any region of the world is very important towards the survival of human being. Long-term consumption of polluted groundwater with high levels of heavy metals will result in health issues such as difficulty breathing and renal failure.


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How to Cite

Zhu hang, G., Maelissa, N., Zhang Zhan, L., Widiyanti, A., Umarie, W., & Setiadi Soedjono, E. . (2022). Groundwater quality assesment in Ropar wetland between summer season and winter season. Environmental and Toxicology Management, 2(2), 14–20.