Potential of rainwater harvesting in wilayah persekutuan Malaysia


  • Anisa Ratnasari Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Arya Bhaskara Adiprabowo Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S37HG, United Kingdom
  • Andhika Gilang Al Afgani Institute for Sustainable Resources, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
  • Atik Widiyanti Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Sidoarjo, Indonesia
  • Lily Oktavia Department of Environmental Engineering, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Sidoarjo, Indonesia




rainwater harvesting, rainfall patterns, continuous dry days, annual rainfall


Although Malaysia has abundant water resources, some parts of Malaysia are currently facing water shortage problems. The increasing demand for water has sparked initiatives to seek alternative water supplies. Rainwater harvesting has been proposed by governments as part of the solution to alleviate the problem of water scarcity. Literature related to rainwater harvesting is available from a variety of sources. In this study, rainfall was analysed as a crucial factor affecting RWHS efficiency, rainwater potential at different zones for residential, industrial, and commercial. In addition, the study evaluated the rainwater quality that obtain fresh rainfall and roof rainfall. Furthermore, potential of treatment technology for rainwater was suggested to optimate rainwater harvesting.


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How to Cite

Ratnasari, A., Bhaskara Adiprabowo, A. ., Gilang Al Afgani, A. ., Widiyanti, A., & Oktavia, L. . (2022). Potential of rainwater harvesting in wilayah persekutuan Malaysia. Environmental and Toxicology Management, 2(2), 4–7. https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v2i2.3410