Matheos Sohilait Nelda Maelissa Imam Nur Rokhim Sartaj Ahmad Bhat


The objective of this study was to analyze the factor of COVID-19 and environmental factors that affect the delay of building construction. The construction of the BPKB Service Building for the Traffic Directorate of the Maluku Regional Police in T.A 2020 was a project that spends a very large budget with a planned time of 150 days. Building construction was delayed up to 4 weeks. This building construction experienced a delay of 27.895\% of the work that had to be done. The method used is principal component analysis, which is multivariate and transforms correlated original variables into new uncorrelated variables by reducing the number of these variables so that they have smaller dimensions but can explain most of the diversity of the original variables. The results of the analysis of 25 respondents and 3 variables, namely: building tents to anticipate rain, good and harmonious relationships to prevent unexpected things from happening, and checking the location before making soft drawings.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Sohilait, M., Maelissa, N., Nur Rokhim, I., & Ahmad Bhat, S. (2022). Analysis of the influence of environmental factors on the delay in the construction of Maluku traffic office service building. Environmental and Toxicology Management, 2(3), 10–13. https://doi.org/10.33086/etm.v2i3.3555
Delay factor, environmental factors, principal component analysis


Anondho, B., Soeleiman, L., Latief, Y., and Mochtar, K., 2022. The influence of external factors on construction project performance based on estimated duration in Jakarta. Int. J. Constr. Manag., 1-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2022.2051240

AlSehaimi, A., Koskela, L., and Tzortzopoulos, P., 2013. Need for alternative research approaches in construction management: Case of delay studies. J. Manage. Eng. 29(4), 407-413 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000148

Alsharef, A., Banerjee, S., Uddin, S. J., Albert, A., and Jaselskis, E., 2021. Early impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the United States construction industry. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 18(4), 1559 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041559

Araya, F., 2021. Modeling the spread of COVID-19 on construction workers: An agent-based approach. Saf. Sci. 133, 105022 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105022

Arditi, D., Nayak, S., and Damci, A., 2017. Effect of organizational cukture on delay in construction.Int. J. Proj. Manag. 35(2), 136-147 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2016.10.018

Bajjou, M. S., and Chafi, A., 2020. Empirical study of schedule delay in Moroccan construction projects. Int. J. Constr. Manag. 20(7), 783-800 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2018.1484859

Bekr, G.A., 2018. Study and assessment of causes and effects of delay in large public construction projects in Jordan. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 13, 6204-6210

Biswas, A., Ghosh, A., Kar, A., Mondal, T., Ghosh, B., and Bardhan, P.K. (2021). The impact of COVID-19 in the construction sector and its remedial measures. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 1797, 012054 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1797/1/012054

Carvalho, A. B., Maués, L. M. F., Moreira, F. d. S., and Reis, C. J. L., 2021. Study on the factors of delay in construction works. Ambiente Construído. 21, 27-46 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s1678-86212021000300536

Cevik, M., and Senturk, C., 2019. Multidimensional 21st century skills scale: Validity and reliability study. Cypriot J. Educ. Sci., 14(1), 11-28 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18844/cjes.v14i1.3506

Dixit, S., Mandal, S.N., Thanikal, J.V., and Saurabh, K., 2019. Evolution of studies in construction productivity: A systematic literature review (2006–2017). Ain Shams Eng. J. 10, 555-64 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2018.10.010

Durdyev, S., and Hosseini, M. R., 2019. Causes of delays on construction projects: a comprehensive list. Int. J. Manag. Proj. Bus. 13(1), 20-46 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMPB-09-2018-0178

Fashina, A. A., Omar, M. A., Sheikh, A. A., Fakunle, F. F., 2021. Exploring the significant factors that influence delays in construction projects in Hargeisa. Heliyon, 7(4), e06826 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06826

Finch, W. H., 2020. Using fit statistic differences to determine the optimal number of factors to retain in an exploratory factor analysis. Educ. Psychol. Meas. 80(2), 217-241 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164419865769

Gebrehiwet, T., and Luo, H., 2017. Analysis of delay impact on construction project based on RII and correlation coefficient: Empirical study. Procedia Eng. 196, 366-374 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.212

Lam, J. Y., Zainal, R., Kasim, N., and Musa, S. M. S., 2022. Study of construction project delay due to COVID-19 pandemic in construction. Res. Manag. Technol. Bus. 3(1), 537-550 DOI: https://doi.org/10.22452/jscp.sp2022no1.1

Ogunnusi, M., Hamma-Adama, M., Salman, H., and Kouider, T. 2020. COVID-19 pandemic: the effects and prospects in the construction industry. Int. J. Real Estate Stud. 14(2), 120-128

Owolabi James, D., Amusan Lekan, M., Oloke, C., Olusanya, O., Tunji-Olayeni, P., Owolabi Dele, P., and research., 2014. Causes and effect of delay on project construction delivery time. Int. J. Educ. 2(4), 197-208

Shrivas, A., Singla, H. K., 2022. Analysis of interaction among the factors affecting delay in construction projects using interpretive structural modelling approach. Int. J. Constr. Manag. 22(8), 1455-1463 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15623599.2020.1728486

Tetelepta, J., Maelissa, N., Tuanakotta, A., 2019. An Analysis of Delay Causing Factors in Implementation of working construction Project (Case Study: Building of the Agriculture Office in Masohi City, Central Maluku Regency). Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Sci. 6(11), 379-385 DOI: https://doi.org/10.22161/ijaers.611.59

Umar, T., 2018. Causes of delay in construction projects in Oman. Middle East J. Bus. 5(2), 121-136 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1504/MEJM.2018.091132

Vidyasagar Reddy, M., and Rao, H., 2022. Analysing the critical delay factors and delay in material supply for construction projects in India. Mater. Today: Proc. 60, 1890-1897 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.12.529

Wong, A. K. Q., 2022. A Study on Delay of Construction Project in Sabah. Tunku Abdul Rahman University College

Yap, J. B. H., Goay, P. L., Woon, Y. B., and Skitmore, M., 2021. Revisiting critical delay factors for construction: Analysing projects in Malaysia. Alex. Eng. J. 60(1), 1717-1729 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2020.11.021

Zamani, S. H., Rahman, R., Fauzi, M., and Yusof, L., 2021. Effect of COVID-19 on building construction projects: Impact and response mechanisms. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 682(1), 012049 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/682/1/012049

Zidane, Y.J.-T., and Andersen, B., 2018. The top 10 universal delay factors in construction projects. Int. J. Manag. Proj. Bus. 11, 650-72 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMPB-05-2017-0052