Publication Ethics

  1. Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
  2. Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication
  3. Ethical Oversight
  4. Publication Decisions
  5. Duties of Reviewers
  6. Duties of Authors
  7. Author contributions
  8. Intellectual Property Policy
  9. Data Sharing and Reproducibility Policies
  10. Complaints and Appeals Policy for IJMLST
  11. Erratum and Corrigendum



Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Indonesian Journal of Medical Laboratory Science and Technology (IJMLST) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal. This statement clarifies the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article in this journal, including the author, the chief editor, the editorial board, the peer-reviewed and the publisher (Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya). This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.


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Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed IJMLST is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society. 

Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya as publisher of IJMLST takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.


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Ethical Oversight

  • Human Subject Research

The Author should ensure that studies involving experiments on humans must have institutional review board (IRB) and/or national research ethics committee approval. Manuscripts should include a statement that the informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects and that it conforms to standards currently applied in the country of origin. The certificate of ethical research should be attached. The name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

  • Animal Research

The Author should ensure that studies involving experiments on animals must include a statement in the manuscript indicating that the international, national, and/or institutional guide lines for the care and use of animals have been followed, and that the study has been approved by a research ethics committee. Procedures should be such that experimental animals do not have to suffer unnecessarily. Papers should include details of the procedures and of anesthetics used.

  • A fully informed written consent which should be documented in the paper.

All individuals have individual rights that are not to be infringed. Individual participants in studies have the right to decide what happens to the identifiable data gathered from them during a study. Hence, it is important that all participants gave their informed consent in writing prior to inclusion in the study. The manuscripts that include information about participants, written informed consent for the publication of these must be obtained from all the participants.


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Publication Decisions

The editor of IJMLST is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Fair play

An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.

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Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.


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Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subject

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Author contributions

We expect all authors to assume public responsibility for the content of the manuscript submitted to IJMLST. The contributions of each author must be clearly described. Individuals who have contributed to the work but do not meet the criteria for authorship can be acknowledged in the Acknowledgments section. As an academic journal, IJMLST is committed to ensuring transparency and fairness in author and contributorship. To this end, we have adopted the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) guidelines for defining author and contributor roles. Our policy is as follows:

Author and Contributorship Guidelines based on CRediT:

  1. Conceptualization: Refers to the development of the initial idea or research question and the formulation of overarching research goals and aims.
  2. Methodology: Refers to the development or design of the research methodology, including the creation of models.
  3. Software: Refers to the programming, software development, designing computer programs, implementation of computer code and supporting algorithms, and testing of existing code components.
  4. Validation: Refers to the verification, either as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.
  5. Formal analysis: Refers to the application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
  6. Investigation: Refers to the conducting of a research and investigation process, including performing experiments or data/evidence collection.
  7. Resources: Refers to the provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
  8. Data curation: Refers to management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data, and maintain research data (including software code, where necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.
  9. Writing - Original Draft: Refers to the preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
  10. Writing - Review & Editing: Refers to the preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary, or revision – including pre-or post-publication stages.
  11. Visualization: Refers to the preparation, creation, and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
  12. Supervision: Refers to oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
  13. Project administration: Refers to the management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
  14. Funding acquisition: Refers to the acquisition of financial support for the project leading to this publication.

Example of author contributions:

“Justin Eka: Conceptualization, methodology, original draft writing, formal analysis, and funding acquisition. Boy Hendrawan: Supervision, data curation, and preparation of the original draft. Nurrahmah: Original draft writing and reviewing. Grace Berta: Project administration, original draft writing, and visualization.”


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Intellectual Property Policy

The Indonesian Journal of Medical Laboratory Science and Technology (IJMLST) respects the intellectual property rights of authors, and takes plagiarism and copyright infringement very seriously. The journal expects all authors to adhere to strict standards of academic integrity and to respect the intellectual property rights of others.

  • Copyright

Authors submitting manuscripts to IJMLST are expected to ensure that their work is original and has not been published elsewhere in any form. By submitting their work, authors grant IJMLST the exclusive right to publish their work and to sublicense it to other databases, archives, and indexing services. This includes the right to reproduce, distribute, and display the work in any medium or format.

  • Plagiarism

IJMLST is committed to publishing original research. We do not tolerate plagiarism or any other form of academic misconduct. Authors must ensure that their work is original and that they have properly cited the work of others. All submissions will be screened for plagiarism using appropriate software tools.

  • Permissions

Authors are responsible for obtaining all necessary permissions for the use of any copyrighted material used in their work. This includes obtaining permission to reproduce figures, tables, and other materials from other published works. Authors must provide evidence of permission to use such materials upon submission.

  • Retraction

IJMLST will retract any article found to contain plagiarism, falsified data, or other serious ethical violations. We reserve the right to retract articles at any time if such violations are discovered after publication.

  • Copyright Infringement

IJMLST takes copyright infringement very seriously. We will promptly investigate any claims of copyright infringement and take appropriate action. If a claim of infringement is found to be valid, we will remove the infringing material from our website and take appropriate steps to prevent its reoccurrence.

By submitting their work to IJMLST, authors acknowledge that they have read and agree to the terms of this Intellectual Property Policy.


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Data Sharing and Reproducibility Policies

IJMLST recognizes the utmost importance of data sharing and reproducibility in scientific research. In order to foster transparency, accountability, and the advancement of knowledge, we have established the following robust Data Sharing and Reproducibility policies:

Data Sharing Policy:

  • All published articles in IJMLST are expected to make their supporting data available upon request. This encompasses raw data, processed data, and any supplementary data essential for reproducing the results presented in the manuscript.
  • Authors are strongly encouraged to deposit their data in reputable and appropriate public repositories. Alternatively, authors may provide a link or means to access the data directly from the manuscript.
  • If restrictions prevent public sharing of data, authors must clearly state the reasons for such restrictions and provide a mechanism for interested researchers to request access to the data.

Reproducibility Policy:

  • Authors are required to provide comprehensive and detailed descriptions of their methodology, experimental procedures, and computational algorithms used in their research.
  • Authors should disclose the specific versions and parameters of any software, libraries, or tools utilized in their study to enable reproducibility.
  • If proprietary software or tools were used, authors should suggest viable open-source or freely available alternatives that can yield similar results.
  • Authors should provide any necessary guidelines, instructions, or code snippets to facilitate the replication of their experiments, including information about data availability and preprocessing steps.
  • Version control systems, such as Git, are encouraged to track code and data modifications, allowing for better reproducibility and transparency.
  • Authors should actively engage in discussions and collaborations by promptly responding to inquiries from other researchers seeking to reproduce their findings.

By implementing these robust Data Sharing and Reproducibility policies, IJMLST aims to promote openness, collaboration, and the replication of research findings. This commitment contributes significantly to the advancement of scientific knowledge in the field of machine learning and related areas.


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Complaints and Appeals Policy for IJMLST

At IJMLST, we are committed to providing a high-quality publishing experience for all authors, reviewers, and readers. We understand that occasionally concerns or complaints may arise, and we have established a procedure to address such matters in a prompt, fair, and confidential manner.


A complaint is defined as any expression of dissatisfaction about any aspect of the editorial process or publishing experience. This may include, but is not limited to, issues related to manuscript handling, peer review, editorial decisions, or publication ethics.

If you have a complaint, we encourage you to first contact the editorial office directly at We will acknowledge your complaint within five business days and provide an estimated timeline for addressing your concerns. We will investigate the matter thoroughly and provide you with a written response within 30 days.

If you are not satisfied with our response or the outcome, you may escalate your complaint to the Editor-in-Chief at The Editor-in-Chief will review the matter and provide a final decision within 14 days.


An appeal is defined as a request for a reconsideration of a decision or action taken by IJMLST. This may include, but is not limited to, appeals against editorial decisions, peer review comments, or publication ethics.

If you wish to appeal a decision, you must submit your appeal in writing to the editorial office within 14 days of receiving the decision. Your appeal should clearly state the grounds for the appeal and include any supporting evidence.

The appeal will be reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief, who may seek advice from additional reviewers or editorial board members. The Editor-in-Chief will provide a final decision within 30 days of receiving the appeal.


All complaints and appeals will be treated confidentially. We will only disclose information to those who need to know in order to investigate and respond to the complaint or appeal. We will not retaliate against anyone who files a complaint or appeal in good faith.

We are committed to continuously improving our policies and procedures to ensure the highest standards of publishing ethics and quality. If you have any feedback or suggestions on how we can improve our procedures, please do not hesitate to contact us at


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Erratum and Corrigendum

Policy and best practice: errata & corrigenda

For the purposes of this document the term Editor encompasses all Editor title variations and is limited to those that have final acceptance responsibility.

Changes/Additions to accepted articles

All content of published articles is subject to the editorial review process, organized by and under the auspices of the Editor. Should the authors wish to add to their article after acceptance, they must submit a request the Editor and the new content will be reviewed.

  • If the new material is additional to the accepted article, it must be submitted for peer review as a new manuscript, referring back to the original;
  • If the new material should replace the original content of the accepted article, the Editor may consider the publication of an Erratum or a Corrigendum.


An erratum is issued to correct errors introduced to an article by the publisher. During the proof stage, all changes made by the publisher are highlighted to the author, and it is preferable for the author to identify and rectify any errors before final publication. If authors notice an error, they are encouraged to contact the Journal Editor at


A corrigendum enables authors to make acceptable changes to their article, at any time, following its acceptance. Authors should reach out to the journal's editor, who will assess the impact of the change and determine the appropriate course of action. Author are encouraged to contact the Journal Editor at IJMLST will initiate a corrigendum for a published article only upon receiving approval and instructions from the editor.


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