MiR-141-3p Relative Expression Level from FFPE Samples as Biomarker of Prostate Adenocarcinoma Carcinogenesis in Yogyakarta, Indonesia


  • Sari Eka Pratiwi Department of Biology and Pathobiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Tanjungpura, Indonesia
  • Sri Nuryani Wahyuningrum Magelang Unit of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Indonesia
  • Rachmagreta Perdana Putri Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Danarto Danarto Department of Urology, Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Didik Setyo Heriyanto Department of Anatomy Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Nur Arfian 6Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sofia Mubarika Haryana Department of Histology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Indwiani Astuti Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia




BPH, HGPIN, miR-141, PCA, prostate anomaly markers


Globally, prostate cancer (PCA) is the second leading cause of male cancer-associated mortality. Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs considered promising biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options. A miR-141 expression is frequently dysregulated and influences the development and progression of PCA. This study aimed to identify miR-141 expression level as a marker to differentiate PCA from another prostate anomaly, especially in Yogyakarta. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues for each three groups: benign prostatic hyperplasia/BPH, high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia/HGPIN, and PCA (n=7/group) were stored in a commercial clinical laboratory in Yogyakarta. The total RNA was extracted from FFPE sections using miRNeasy FFPE kit, followed by the quantification of miR-141-3p expression level by RT-PCR. The result showed that miR-141 relative expression level on PCA was higher than other groups and significantly different (P<0.05, Kruskal Wallis test). The mean of the miR-141 relative expression level of BPH, HGPIN, and PCA were 1.04±0.87, 6.44±7.8, and 7.06±8.83, respectively. The relative expression level of miR-141 can potentially be a prognostic biomarker in PCA and could differentiate aggressiveness in prostate anomaly, especially BPH, HGPIN, and PCA.


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How to Cite

Pratiwi, S. E., Wahyuningrum, S. N. ., Putri, R. P. ., Danarto, D., Heriyanto, D. S. ., Arfian, N., Haryana, S. M. . and Astuti, I. (2022) “MiR-141-3p Relative Expression Level from FFPE Samples as Biomarker of Prostate Adenocarcinoma Carcinogenesis in Yogyakarta, Indonesia”, Indonesian Journal of Medical Laboratory Science and Technology, 4(1), pp. 1–9. doi: 10.33086/ijmlst.v4i1.2355.