Main Article Content

Johariyah Johariyah Evy Apriani


The quality of life of HIV/AIDS people depends on the consumption of antiretroviral drugs. The viral load control response of 85% requires a commitment of 90-95% drug use. If the patient takes ARV 60 times a month, the patient does not miss more than 3 doses. The study aimed to look for factors influencing the compliance of People living with HIV/AIDS with ARV consumption. The research was conducted through qualitative research through in-depth interviews as a data collection technique for five PLHIV and their families, and interviews with peer group support, the Management of the Cilacap Regency AIDS Mitigation Commission, and the Head of VCT Cilacap Hospital carried out triangulation.  Data processing techniques were carried out using thematic analysis. Based on the analysis results, 4 themes were obtained: factors that affect the compliance of PLHIV in ARV consumption as follows: internal factors: 1) Reluctance to drink because of boredom; 2). Irregularity of drinking due to forgetfulness; 3). Unwillingness to take ARV because they feel no complaints and external factors: 4) There is still a stigma against PLHIV in the community.



Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Johariyah, J., & Apriani, E. (2023). Qualitative Study of Factors Influencing Adherence of People With HIV/AIDS in ARV Consumption in Cilacap Regency. Medical Technology and Public Health Journal, 7(2), 113–121.
HIV/AIDS, Compliance, Antiretrovirus, Factors


Chirambo, L., Valeta, M., Banda Kamanga, T. M., & Nyondo-Mipando, A. L. (2019). Factors influencing adherence to antiretroviral treatment among adults accessing care from private health facilities in Malawi. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2019;19(1382):1–11. Available from: 1–11. DOI:

Crim, S. M., Tie, Y., Beer, L., Weiser, J., & Dasgupta, S. (n.d.). Barriers to Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among HIV-Positive Hispanic and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men —United States, 2015–2019.

Curioso, W. H., Kepka, D., Cabello, R., Segura, P., & Kurth, A. E. (2010). Understanding the facilitators and barriers of antiretroviral adherence in Peru: A qualitative study. DOI:

Freeman, R., Gwadz, M., Francis, K., & Hoffeld, E. (2021). Forgetting to take HIV antiretroviral therapy: a qualitative exploration of medication adherence in the third decade of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Sahara J, 18(1), 113–130. DOI:

Habibi, S., Supodo, T., & Waluya Kendari, M. (n.d.). The Relationship Between Knowledge, Stigma, Treatment Side-Effect And The Commitment Of Aids And Hiv-Positive People To Undergo Antiretroval Theraphy (ARV) In Kendari.

Harahap, Z., Arguni, E., & Rahayujati, T. B. (n.d.). Determinan ketidakpatuhan terapi antiretroviral pada ODHA dewasa Determinants of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy in adults with HIV/AIDS.

Haryatiningsih, A., Alam, A., Deti, T., & Sitorus, R. (n.d.). Hubungan Lamanya Terapi ARV dengan Kepatuhan Minum Obat pada Anak HIV di Klinik Teratai.

Heestermans, T., Browne, J. L., Aitken, S. C., Vervoort, S. C., & Klipstein-Grobusch, K. (n.d.). Determinants of adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive adults in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.

Hidayati, N. R., Setyaningsih, I., & Pandanwangi, S. (2018). Tingkat kepatuhan pasien HIV/AIDS terhadap penggunaan obat anti retroviral (ARV) di RSUD Gunung Jati Cirebon. Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi, 14(2), 58–66. DOI:

Iacob, S. A., Iacob, D. G., & Jugulete, G. (2017). Improving the adherence to antiretroviral therapy, a difficult but essential task for a successful HIV treatment-clinical points of view and practical considerations. In Frontiers in Pharmacology (Vol. 8, Issue NOV). Frontiers Media S.A. DOI:

Lahai, M., Theobald, S., Wurie, H. R., Lakoh, S., Erah, P. O., Samai, M., & Raven, J. (2022). Factors influencing adherence to antiretroviral therapy from the experience of people living with HIV and their healthcare providers in Sierra Leone: a qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1). DOI:

Li, L., Lee, S. J., Wen, Y., Lin, C., Wan, D., & Jiraphongsa, C. (2010). Antiretroviral therapy adherence among patients living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12(2), 212–220. DOI:

Mukarromah, S., & Azinar, M. (2021). Indonesian Journal of Public Health and Nutrition Penghambat Kepatuhan Terapi Antiretroviral pada Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (Studi Kasus pada Odha Loss To Follow Up Therapy) Article Info.

Negesa, L. (2017). Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy and Factors affecting among People Living with HIV/AIDS and Taking Antiretroviral Therapy, Dire Dawa Town, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Infectious Diseases and Treatment, 03(01). DOI:

Noor Alis Setiyadi, A. B. A. C. wijayantie. (n.d.). Analysis Of Obidence Tubercolosis Patients to Prevent Drug Resistance in Sukoharjo District.

Rantetampang, A., Sandjaja, B., & Mallongi, A. (n.d.). Factors Affecting Non-Adherence of Taking Antiretroviral Drugs to People Living with HIV/AIDS in Mimika District. In International Journal of Science and Healthcare Research ( (Vol. 3, Issue 2).

Sekoni, A. O., Obidike, O. R., & Balogun, M. R. (2012). Stigma, medication adherence and coping mechanism among people living with HIV attending General Hospital, Lagos Island, Nigeria. African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 4(1). DOI:

Shubber, Z., Mills, E. J., Nachega, J. B., Vreeman, R., Freitas, M., Bock, P., Nsanzimana, S., Penazzato, M., Appolo, T., Doherty, M., & Ford, N. (2016). Patient-Reported Barriers to Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS Medicine, 13(11). DOI:

Wahyuni Suprihatin. (2019). Faktor - Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kepatuhan Terapi ARV pada ODHA di Klinik Tropik Infeksi Rumah Sakit dr Saeful Anwar Malang.

Xu, L., Munir, K., Kanabkaew, C., & le Coeur, S. (2017). Factors influencing antiretroviral treatment suboptimal adherence among perinatally hivinfected adolescents in Thailand. PLoS ONE, 12(2). DOI:

Yuniar, Y., Handayani, R. S., Aryastami, N. K., Intervensi, P. T., Masyarakat, K., Litbangkes, B., Humaniora, P., Masyarakat, P., & Kesehatan, K. (n.d.). Faktor-Faktor Pendukung Kepatuhan Orang Dengan HIV AIDS (ODHA) dalm minum Obat Antriretroviral di Kota Bandung dan Cimahi.