It is necessary to agree on the general ethical standards that are expected for all parties involved in the publishing process: authors, journal editors, reviewers, and publishers.
Fair. An editor must always evaluate the author's script in terms of scientific content without racist tendencies, affiliations, or political views of the author.
Confidentiality. The editor and any editorial staff are not permitted to disclose any information from the manuscript sent to anyone other than the writer, reviewer, editorial board, and other publishers on a fair basis. Manuscripts received must be treated confidentially. Manuscripts should not be shown or discussed with anyone except those authorized by the editor.
Publications and Conflicts of interest. Unpublished material listed in the manuscript may not be used for the editor's own research without the written consent of the author. Special ideas or information obtained through review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not review texts where they have a conflict of interest due to competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with the author, the company, or any institution associated with the article.
Pace. Any reviewer who feels incompetent to review the manuscript or feels unable to review the manuscript within the allotted time must inform the reason and withdraw from the review process.
Objectivity Standards. Reviews must be done objectively and not criticize the author's personal. Reviewers must express their views clearly accompanied by supporting arguments.
Source Statement. The reviewer must identify relevant publications that have not been cited by the author. Any statement in the form of observations or arguments that have been previously published must be accompanied by relevant citations. Reviewers are also required to give editors' warnings about texts that have plagiarism.
Reporting Standards. Each author of the results of the research report must present an accurate report of the work carried out as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be represented accurately in the manuscript. The manuscript must contain enough detail and references to allow others to emulate the work. False or inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.
Data Access and Retention. The author is asked to provide raw data (in certain studies) with respect to papers for editorial review and must be prepared to provide public access to such data (in accordance with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Database) if it can be done, and under any circumstances be able to save the data for a certain time after publication.