The Effect of Virtual Learning on Medical Student Professionalism: A Systematic Literature Review


  • Mustika Chasanatusy Syarifah Departement of Forensic Medicine and Medicolegal, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Dimas Arendra Aidilfi Akbar Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Indonesia



Medical Ethics, Professionalism, Virtual Learning


Background: Education is an action to develop a potential of human resources accompanied by learning facilities. Education itself has long been attached and developed in human life until now. The number of Covid-19 transmissions in Indonesia is increasing and causing many victims. To break the chain of spreading this virus, the government has formulated a policy that requires students throughout Indonesia to study from home. So that the learning process is free from these conditions, alternative steps are taken, namely through virtual learning.

Objective : The purpose of this study is to compare the literature that has subject matter related to evaluating journals according to the PRISMA and PICO (Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) methods. Some data were taken from ten articles that were included in the inclusion criteria, including year, keywords, research title, population.

Methods: This systematic literature review is based on an analysis of the literature available in the Pubmed, Elsevier, and Google Scholar databases in English.

Results: From the 10 literatures that have been analyzed, 8 of them state that virtual learning is considered to have the potential to create professional values ​​for medical students

Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic has certainly had an impact on learning activities and could affect the professionalism of medical students, but this can be overcome if the campus is able to provide adequate facilities.


Download data is not yet available.


Afonso, N., Kelekar, A., & Alangaden, A. (2020). “I Have a Cough”: An Interactive Virtual Respiratory Case-Based Module. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 16, 11058. DOI:

Findyartini, A., Anggraeni, D., Husin, J. M., & Greviana, N. (2020). Exploring medical students ’ professional identity formation through written reflections during the COVID-19 pandemic om m er ci al us e on m er on. 9. DOI:

Hilburg, R., Patel, N., Ambruso, S., Biewald, M. A., & Farouk, S. S. (2020). Medical Education During the Coronavirus Disease-2019 Pandemic: Learning From a Distance. Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, 27(5), 412–417. DOI:

Iancu, A. M., Kemp, M. T., & Alam, H. B. (2020). Unmuting medical students’ education: Utilizing telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(7), 1–6. DOI:

Mahmudah, M. (2020). Tujuan Pendidikan Islam dalam Mencetak SDM Unggul. Jurnal Keislaman, 3(2), 171–186. DOI:

Mulcare, M., Naik, N., Greenwald, P., Schullstrom, K., Gogia, K., Clark, S., … Sharma, R. (2020). Advanced Communication and Examination Skills in Telemedicine: A Structured Simulation-Based Course for Medical Students. MedEdPORTAL : The Journal of Teaching and Learning Resources, 16, 11047. DOI:

Nimavat, N., Singh, S., Fichadiya, N., Sharma, P., Patel, N., Kumar, M., … Pandit, N. (2021). Online medical education in india – different challenges and probable solutions in the age of covid-19. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 12, 237–243. DOI:

Park, H., Shim, S., & Lee, Y. (2020). Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID- 19 . The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information website . Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVID-19-related research that is available on the COVID-19 resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories , such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source . These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the COVID-19 resource centre remains active . Primary Care Diabetes A scoping review on adaptations of clinical education for medical students during COVID-19. (January).

Permenhub. (2013). Berita Negara. Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 69(1496), 1–13.

Sani, I., Hamza, Y., Chedid, Y., Amalendran, J., & Hamza, N. (2020). Understanding the consequence of COVID-19 on undergraduate medical education: Medical students’ perspective. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 58(August), 117–119. DOI:

Tabatabai, S. (2020). COVID-19 impact and virtual medical education. Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism, 8(3), 140–143.

Thind, A. S., Singh, H., Yerramsetty, D. L., & Pandeya, D. R. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Caribbean Medical Students: A cross-sectional study. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 67(May), 102515. DOI:




How to Cite

Syarifah, M. C., & Akbar, D. A. A. . (2023). The Effect of Virtual Learning on Medical Student Professionalism: A Systematic Literature Review. International Islamic Medical Journal, 4(1).