GAMBARAN POLA MAKAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK PENDERITADIABETES MELLITUS DI RW 01 KELURAHAN JAGIR SURABAYA

Authors

  • Novera Herdiani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33086/mtphj.v2i2.568

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Eating Pattern, Physical Activity

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of hitrogen disorder characterized by the increased of blood
glucose level or hyperglycemia. It was reported from WHO that population study of Diabetes Mellitus
in various countries, the number of Diabetes Mellitus patients in 2000 in Indonesia got the biggest
4
th
rank of the Diabetes Mellitus patients number with prevalence of 8.4 million inhabitants. Handling
Diabetes Mellitus sufferers is a lifelong responsibility. Therefore, handling Diabetes Mellitus needs
initiative and regularity so all sufferers should understand how to run diet and exercise to control the
disease. The purpose of this study is to find out the description of eating and physical activity patterns
of Diabetes Mellitus sufferers in RW 01, Kelurahan Jagir Surabaya. The design of the study used was
cross-sectional, the sample was 56 people which selection was carried out by sampling technique
used a Consecutive Sampling. The variable in this study was eating and physical activity patterns of
Diabetes Mellitus patients. The data were collected through questionnaires, then the statistical data
were processed descriptively by using common and frequency distribution tables used scoring data
collection procedures. The result of the study of Eating pattern of Diabetes Mellitus sufferers, 54%
of the patients had lack of the calories needs in a day, based on the fulfillment of the diet schedule,
more than half diabetics (70%) did not conduct an eating schedule and based on the consumption of
sweet foods (68%) diabetics consumed food sweet. The result of physical activity of the diabetics
whose age was <30 years was varied 33.33% with the result of less physical activity and optimal
physical activity as 4 people (57.14%) were college educated. The result which was varied that 50%
had high school education with less physical activity, while the patients whose education was
elementary and junior high had physical activity minimally. Based on the result, it is concluded that
all Diabetes Mellitus sufferers (100%) have not met a good eating pattern, physical activity patterns
of Diabetes Mellitus patients (30%) have` less physical activity.

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Published

2018-10-29

How to Cite

Herdiani, N. (2018). GAMBARAN POLA MAKAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK PENDERITADIABETES MELLITUS DI RW 01 KELURAHAN JAGIR SURABAYA. Medical Technology and Public Health Journal, 2(2), 152-161. https://doi.org/10.33086/mtphj.v2i2.568