A Brief Review of Beneficial Effects of Yoga on Physical and Mental Health
Yoga on Physical & Mental Health
Keywords:Yoga, Physical Health, Mental Health, Quality life years, Depression, Anxiety
Yoga is focussed as an essential form of spiritual discipline based on an extremely subtle science bringing harmony between mind and body. It is an art and science of healthy living consisting largely of asanas. It is found to be one of the best exercises for physical and mental health. There is more need of supportive therapy for maintaining physical and mental health apart from current treatment by different forms of medicine. It is known to relax body, promote immunity and thereby prevent illness seeing as effective, acceptable and cost-effective for body and mind to relieve stress. An online search for studies done using medline terms like yoga, physical health & mental health were done. The studies have shown that it improves physical illness and promotes mental calmness by removal of anxiety, depression & stress thereby excel the treatment of diseases. These gives positive change such as well-being and happiness to the individual and increase the quality life years.
Kirkwood G, Rampes H, Tuffrey V, et al. Yoga for anxiety: a systematic review of the research evidence.British journal of sports medicine; 2005; 39: 884-891.
Yang K. A review of yoga programs for four leading risk factors of chronic diseases.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2007; 4.
Jeter PE, Slutsky J, Singh N, et al. Yoga as a therapeutic intervention: a bibliometric analysis of published research studies from 1967 to 2013.The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine; 2015; 21: 586-592.
Da Silva TL, Ravindran LN and Ravindran AV. Yoga in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders: A review.Asian Journal of Psychiatry; 2009; 2: 6-16.
Jorm AF, Christensen H, Griffiths KM, et al. Effectiveness of complementary and self‐help treatments for depression.Medical Journal of Australia; 2002; 176: S84-S84.
Pilkington K, Kirkwood G, Rampes H, et al. Yoga for depression: the research evidence.Journal of affective disorders; 2005; 89: 13-24.
Shroff F. We are all one.A Yogic travel tale J Postcolonial Cultures Societies; 2011; 2: 124-128.
Desikachar T. The heart of yoga: Developing a personal practice. Simon and Schuster, 1999.
Antonovsky A. The salutogenic model as a theory to guide health promotion.Health promotion international; 1996; 11: 11-18.
Danylov D. Specificics of dhyāna in Mokshadharma of Mahabharata.European Cooperation; 2017; 11: 57-72.
WHO A. Mental health: a state of well-being. WHO Geneva, 2014.
Uebelacker LA, Epstein-Lubow G, Gaudiano BA, et al. Hatha yoga for depression: critical review of the evidence for efficacy, plausible mechanisms of action, and directions for future research.Journal of Psychiatric Practice®; 2010; 16: 22-33.
Brown RP and Gerbarg PL. Sudarshan Kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: part I—neurophysiologic model.Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine; 2005; 11: 189-201.
Saeed SA, Antonacci DJ and Bloch RM. Exercise, yoga, and meditation for depressive and anxiety disorders.American family physician; 2010; 81: 981-986.
Boehm K, Ostermann T, Milazzo S, et al. Effects of yoga interventions on fatigue: a meta-analysis.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2012; 2012.
Chong CS, Tsunaka M and Chan EP. Effects of yoga on stress management in healthy adults: a systematic review.Alternative therapies in health and medicine; 2011; 17: 32.
Telles S, Singh N and Balkrishna A. Managing mental health disorders resulting from trauma through yoga: a review.Depression Research and Treatment; 2012; 2012.
Roland KP, Jakobi JM and Jones GR. Does yoga engender fitness in older adults? A critical review.Journal of aging and physical activity; 2011; 19: 62-79.
Innes KE, Bourguignon C and Taylor AG. Risk indices associated with the insulin resistance syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and possible protection with yoga: a systematic review.The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice; 2005; 18: 491-519.
Raub JA. Psychophysiologic effects of Hatha Yoga on musculoskeletal and cardiopulmonary function: a literature review.The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine; 2002; 8: 797-812.
Ross A and Thomas S. The health benefits of yoga and exercise: a review of comparison studies.The journal of alternative and complementary medicine; 2010; 16: 3-12.
Cabral P, Meyer HB and Ames D. Effectiveness of yoga therapy as a complementary treatment for major psychiatric disorders: a meta-analysis.The primary care companion to CNS disorders; 2011; 13.
Bilderbeck AC, Farias M, Brazil IA, et al. Participation in a 10-week course of yoga improves behavioural control and decreases psychological distress in a prison population.Journal of psychiatric research; 2013; 47: 1438-1445.
Rakhshani A, Maharana S, Raghuram N, et al. Effects of integrated yoga on quality of life and interpersonal relationship of pregnant women.Quality of Life Research; 2010; 19: 1447-1455.
Cramer H, Lange S, Klose P, et al. Yoga for breast cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.BMC cancer; 2012; 12: 412.
Vancampfort D, Vansteelandt K, Scheewe T, et al. Yoga in schizophrenia: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica; 2012; 126: 12-20.
Ravindran AV, Lam RW, Filteau MJ, et al. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) Clinical guidelines for the management of major depressive disorder in adults.: V. Complementary and alternative medicine treatments.Journal of Affective Disorders; 2009; 117: S54-S64.
Krishnamurthy MN and Telles S. Assessing depression following two ancient Indian interventions: effects of yoga and ayurveda on older adults in a residential home.Journal of Gerontological Nursing; 2007; 33: 17-23.
Janakiramaiah N, Gangadhar B, Murthy PNV, et al. Antidepressant efficacy of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in melancholia: a randomized comparison with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and imipramine.Journal of affective disorders; 2000; 57: 255-259.
Sharma V, Das S, Mondal S, et al. Effect of Sahaj Yoga on depressive disorders.Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology; 2005; 49: 462.
Streeter C, Gerbarg P, Saper R, et al. Effects of yoga on the autonomic nervous system, gamma-aminobutyric-acid, and allostasis in epilepsy, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.Medical hypotheses; 2012; 78: 571-579.
Saatcioglu F. Regulation of gene expression by yoga, meditation and related practices: a review of recent studies.Asian journal of psychiatry; 2013; 6: 74-77.
Parks KM and Steelman LA. Organizational wellness programs: a meta-analysis.Journal of occupational health psychology; 2008; 13: 58.
Hartfiel N, Havenhand J, Khalsa SB, et al. The effectiveness of yoga for the improvement of well-being and resilience to stress in the workplace.Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health; 2011: 70-76.
Ospina M. Meditation practices for health state of the research. DIANE Publishing, 2007.
Innes KE and Vincent HK. The influence of yoga-based programs on risk profiles in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2007; 4.
Aljasir B, Bryson M and Al-shehri B. Yoga practice for the management of type II diabetes mellitus in adults: a systematic review.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2010; 7.
Lee MS, Kim J-I, Ha JY, et al. Yoga for menopausal symptoms: a systematic review.Menopause; 2009; 16: 602-608.
Cramer H, Lauche R, Langhorst J, et al. Effectiveness of yoga for menopausal symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2012; 2012.
Posadzki P, Ernst E, Terry R, et al. Is yoga effective for pain? A systematic review of randomized clinical trials.Complementary therapies in medicine; 2011; 19: 281-287.
Büssing A, Michalsen A, Khalsa SBS, et al. Effects of yoga on mental and physical health: a short summary of reviews.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2012; 2012.
Haaz S and Bartlett SJ. Yoga for arthritis: a scoping review.Rheumatic Disease Clinics; 2011; 37: 33-46.
Kelly Z. Is yoga an effective treatment for low back pain: a research review.International Journal of Yoga Therapy; 2009; 19: 103-112.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Sadat Ali Syed, Muhammad Akram, Abid Rashid, Muhammad Talha Khalil, Hina Anwar, Umme Laila, Rida Zainab, Ghulam Mohiuddin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.