PENERAPAN TEORI PERILAKU TERENCANA PADA MAHASISWA YANG TERGABUNG PADA KOMUNITAS KEWIRAUSAHAAN
Keywords:Educational Support, Subjective Norms, Structural Support, Attitude toward Entrepreneurial Behavior, Perceived Behavioral Control, Entrepreneurial Intention, Student, Student Community
The younger generation still had enough time to be able to determine the best career for their life, including being able to choose his career as an entrepreneur. This study focused on students belonging to the entrepreneurial community in the campus therefore an object of research is the students belonging to the entrepreneurial community WEBS and BETA at Airlangga University. This study uses Partial Least Square (PLS) as a statistical test to answer the problem formulation and testing hypotheses based on the study of theory and previous research. The sample used in this study using census sampling methods, which uses the entire population as a sample in the study. The samples used in the study were 80 students in the WEBS membership and BETA membership in Airlangga University. Method of data dissemination is done with a questionnaire during March until April, 2019. The result shows that (1) Educational support, subjective norm, and structural support directly influence the entrepreneurial intention; (2) Educational support and structural support indirectly influncing on entrepreneurial intention through attitude toward entrepreneurial behavior and perceived behavioral control; (3) Subjective norms indirectly influncing on entrepreneurial intention through attitude toward entrepreneurial behavior, but Subjective norms can’t influencing entrepreneurial intention through perceived behavioral control.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.
Astuti, R.D, & Martdianty,F. (2012)."Student’s Entrepreneurial Intentions by Using Theory Of Planned Behavior”, The Case in Indonesia." The South East Asian Journal of Management 6.2 (2012): 100.
Astuti, R.D, & Martdianty,F.(2012) "Students' Perception and Intention toward Entrepreneurship: Development of Planned Behavior Entrepreneurial Model on Six State Universities in Indonesia." International Conference on Enterprise Marketing and Globalization (EMG). Proceedings. Global Science and Technology Forum,
Bird, B. (1988), Implementing Entrepreneurial Idea: The Case for Intention. Academy of Management Review.
Bird, B. J., & west, G. P. (1997),. Time and Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 22: 5-9.
Boyd, Nancy G., and George S. Vozikis. "The influence of self-efficacy on the development of entrepreneurial intentions and actions." Entrepreneurship theory and practice 18 (1994): 63-63. (online) (diakses pada 16 Mei 2015, pukul 09:20) (wwww.scholar.google.com).
Bullough, Amanda, Maija Renko, and Tamara Myatt, (2014), "Danger zone entrepreneurs: The importance of resilience and self‐efficacy for entrepreneurial intentions." Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 38.3: 473-499.
Denanyoh, Richard, Kwabena Adjei, and Gabriel Effah Nyemekye. (2015),"Factors That Impact on Entrepreneurial Intention of Tertiary Students in Ghana." International Journal of Business and Social Research 5.3: 19-29.
Fayolle, Alain (Ed.). (2007). Handbook of Reasearch in Entrepreneurship Education vol. 2. Britain: MPG Books Ltd.
Fini, Riccardo, (2012) "The determinants of corporate entrepreneurial intention within small and newly established firms." Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 36.2: 387-414.
Franke, Nikolaus, and Christian Lüthje. (2004) "Entrepreneurial intentions of business students—A benchmarking study." International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management 1.03: 269-288.
Galloway. L, Kelly.S. & Keogh. W. (2006). Identifying Entrepreneurial Potential in Students. Working Paper No. 006, National Council for Graduate Entrepreneurship.
Gerry. C, Susana. C. & Nogueira. F. (2008). Tracking Student Entrepreneurial Potential: Personal Attributes and the Propensity for Business Start-Ups after Graduation in a Portuguese University. International Research Journal Problems and Perspectives in Management, 6(4): 45-53.
Ghazali, I. 2008. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) metode alternative dengan Partial Least Square.BadanpenerbitUniversitasDiponegoro Semarang.
Gurbuz, G. & Aykol, S. (2008). Entrepreneurial Intention of Young Educated Public in Turkey. Journal of Global Strategic Management, 4(1): 47-56.
Hair, J. F., et al. (1998) . Multivariate Data Analysis. (Edisi 5) . New Jersey : McGrawHILL International Edition.
Jones, C., English, J. (2004) “A Contemporary Approach to Entrepreneurship Education” Education + Training, Vol. 46 Iss: 8/9, pp.416 – 423.
Kadir, Mumtaz Begam Abdul, Munirah Salim, and Halimahton Kamarudin. (2012) "The relationship between educational support and entrepreneurial intentions in Malaysian higher learning institution." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 69: 2164-2173.
Karimi, Saeid, et al. "Understanding role models and gender influences on entrepreneurial intentions among college students." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 93 (2013): 204-214.
Kidwell, Blair, and Robert D. Jewell. (2003),"An examination of perceived behavioral control: internal and external influences on intention." Psychology & Marketing 20.7: 625-642.
Kolvereid dan Isaksen, (2005), New business start-up and subsequent entry into self-employment, Journal of Business Venturing 21 (6) , (2006) 866–885, doi: 10.1016/ j.jbusvent.,.06.008
Liao.,J & Welsch.,H, (2004), Entrepreneurial Intensity.In W.B. Gartner,K.G Shaver, N.M Carter & P.D Reynolds (Eds). Handbook of Entrepreneurial Dynamics, Thousand Oaks,CA:Sage
Linan, F., & Chen, Y. W. (2009). Development and Cross-cultural application of A Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 33(3), 593-617.
Liñán, Francisco, Juan Carlos Rodríguez-Cohard, and José M. Rueda-Cantuche. "Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: a role for education." International entrepreneurship and management Journal 7.2 (2011): 195-218.
Liñán, F. & Rodríguez, J.C. (2004): “Entrepreneurial attitudes of Andalusian university students”, 44th ERSA Conference, Porto (Portugal), 21-25 august.
Longenecker G. Justin, dkk. (2001) .Kewirausahaan Manajemen Usaha Kecil.Jakarta:Salemba Empat.
Lüthje, Christian, and Nikolaus Franke. (2003), "The ‘making’of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intent among engineering students at MIT." R&d Management 33.2: 135-147.
Morris, M., & Lewis, P. (1995). The determinants of Entrepreneurial Activity. European Journal of Marketing, 29(7): 31-48.
Nilson, A., Borgstede, C. V., & Biel, A. (2004). Wiliiningness to Accept Climate Change Strategy: The Effect Values and Norms. Journal of environmental psychology, 24,3,267-277.
Romero, Isidoro, et al. (2011) Universities as suppliers of entrepreneurship education services. The cases of the university of Seville and the academy of economic studies in Bucharest. Amfiteatru Economic, ,13.30: 347-361.
Schwarz, Erich J., et al. (2009) "The effects of attitudes and perceived environment conditions on students' entrepreneurial intent: An Austrian perspective." Education+ Training 51.4: 272-291
Suryana (2006), Kewirausahaan Usaha Pedoman Praktis :Kiat dan Proses Menuju Sukses, Edisi Ketiga, Penerbit Salemba, Jakarta
Torres, José Luis Neri, and Warren Watson, (2013),"An examination of the relationship between manager self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions andperformance in mexican small businesses." Contaduría y Administración 58.3: 65-87.
Turker, Duygu, and Senem Sonmez Selçuk. (2009) "Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of university students?." Journal of European Industrial Training 33.2: 142-159.
Yurtkoru, E. Serra, Pınar Acar, and Begüm Seray Teraman, (2014), "Willingness to take risk and entrepreneurial intention of university students: An empirical study comparing private and state universities." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 150: 834-840.
Yurtkoru, E. Serra, Zeynep Kabadayı Kuşcu, and Ahmet Doğanay. "Exploring the antecedents of entrepreneurial intention on Turkish university students." Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 150 (2014): 841-850
Zain, Rozihana Shekh et al. (2009). Entrepreneurial Intention among Malaysian Undergraduates. International Journal of Business and Management Vol. 4, No.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Tri Siwi Agustina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.