FULFILLMENT OF EXERCISE NEEDS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC
Keywords:Covid19, fulfillment of exercise needs, pregnancy, pregnant women
Background: During the Covid-19 pandemic, many restrictions on almost all routine services including maternal and newborn health services. Some pregnant women are reluctant to go to health facilities for fear of contracting it. The exercise need fulfillment of pregnant women's is disrupted by a pandemic because the gym and the park are closed or fear of the virus exposure when exercising outside the home.
Objective: The purpose of the study was to describe the exercise need fulfillment of pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic at Jagir Health Center Surabaya.
Methods: This study used descriptive design. The sample was 40 pregnant women in the 2nd and 3rd trimester at Jagir Health Center Surabaya which obtained bytotal sampling technique. The research variable was the exercise need fulfillment of pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research instruments was questionnaires and then data were analyzed using frequency distribution tables.
Results: The study results found that out of 40 respondents, almost entirely pregnant women (82.5%) had poor exercise need fulfillment and 17.5% pregnant women had good exercise need fulfillment during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Conclusion: The exercise need fulfillment of pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic was poor. The role of nurses can improve and maintain regular exercise in pregnant women. In education, it is important to emphasize that moderate amounts of exercise 150 minutes/week such as walking and yoga can be done in various ways, such as exercising indoors or viewing videos from YouTube, zooming during the Covid-19 pandemic to increase immunity.
American Pregnancy Association. (2018). Exercise During Pregnancy.
Atkinson, L., De Vivo, M., Hayes, L., Hesketh, K. R., Mills, H., Newham, J. J., … Smith, D. M. (2020). Encouraging physical activity during and after pregnancy in the COVID-19 era, and beyond. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(19), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197304
BKKBN. (2020). Keluarga Berencana.
Chomaria, N. (2012). Olahraga Bagi Ibu Hamil dan Menyusui. Jakarta: PT Elex Media Komputindo.
Connolly, C. P., Conger, S. A., Montoye, A. H. K., Marshall, M. R., Schlaff, R. A., Badon, S. E., & Pivarnik, J. M. (2019). Walking for health during pregnancy: A literature review and considerations for future research. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 8(5), 401–411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2018.11.004
Gildner, T. E., Laugier, E. J., & Thayer, Z. M. (2021). Exercise routine change is associated with prenatal depression scores during the COVID-19 pandemic among pregnant women across the United States. PLoS ONE, 15(12 December), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243188
Gjestland, K., Bø, K., Owe, K. M., & Eberhard-Gran, M. (2013). Do pregnant women follow exercise guidelines? Prevalence data among 3482 women, and prediction of low-back pain, pelvic girdle pain and depression. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(8), 515–520. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2012-091344
Haakstad, L. A. H., Voldner, N., Henriksen, T., & Bø, K. (2009). Why do pregnant women stop exercising in the third trimester? Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 88(11), 1267–1275. https://doi.org/10.3109/00016340903284901
Hayman, Mel&Brown, W. J. (2016). Exercise in Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period position Statement. Sport Medicine Australia.
Kemenkes RI. (2020). Pedoman pelayanan antenatal, persalinan, nifas, dan bayi baru lahir di Era Adaptasi Baru.
Nascimento, S. L., Surita, F. G., Godoy, A. C., Kasawara, K. T., & Morais, S. S. (2015). Physical activity patterns and factors related to exercise during pregnancy: A cross sectional study. PLoS ONE, 10(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128953
Sohrabi, C., Alsafi, Z., Neill, N. O., Khan, M., & Kerwan, A. (2020). Since January 2020 Elsevier has created a COVID-19 resource centre with free information in English and Mandarin on the novel coronavirus COVID- 19 . The COVID-19 resource centre is hosted on Elsevier Connect , the company ’ s public news and information . (January).
The American Collage Of Obstetricians And Gynecologist. (2015). Physical Activity And Exercise During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period. Retrieved from The American Collage Of Obstetricians And Gynecologist website: https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/committee-opinion/articles/2020/04/physical-activity-and-exercise-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 R. Khairiyatul Afiyah, Nurul Kamariyah, Lono Wijayanti, Juliatik Ragil Yhusnain
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Nurse and Holistic Care agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0), which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). Authors can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF.