INTRODUCTION OF MULTIPLICATION CONCEPTS THROUGH TRADITIONAL RUBBER THROWING GAMES IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
Rubber throwing game is a traditional game played by children in ancient times. The selection of traditional games as a strategy in teaching mathematical multiplication concepts. This research is a quantitative descriptive study which aims to find out how effective the Rubber Throwing game can be used in teaching multiplication concepts so that it can improve mathematics learning outcomes and how the application of rubber throwing games to mathematics learning in elementary schools. The study was conducted at the Balong Tani Sidoarjo Elementary School with a subject of 23 students. This learning model is the development of cooperative learning models using rubber throwing games as a strategy in teaching mathematical concepts especially the multiplication concept. Research results were presented on the application of the game throwing gum on mathematics, introduction of the concept of multiplication through perminan traditional throwing of rubber and can be concluded that through the traditional game pieces of gum can improve student learning outcomes related to the concept of multiplication in primary school.