Environmental and Toxicology Management https://journal2.unusa.ac.id/index.php/ETM <p><strong>Environmental<em> and Toxicology Management</em></strong> is a peer-reviewed journal for the publication of original articles, <span style="font-weight: 400;">short communication</span>, review articles, and case studies on the fundamentals, applications, and management of environmental and toxicology. Environmental and Toxicology Management is published online with a frequency of three (3) issues per year (April, August, and November). Besides that, special issues of Environmental and Toxicology Management will be published non-periodically from time to time. </p> Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya en-US Environmental and Toxicology Management 2777-0338 Environmental factors influencing construction implementation from contractors’ perspective https://journal2.unusa.ac.id/index.php/ETM/article/view/4145 <p style="text-align: justify;"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">To achieve the project’s goal, both internal and external organization influencing factors (construction industry) should be aware, </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">particularly at the construction implementation level. The objective of this research is to identify the environmental factors that influ</span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">ence construction implementation from the contractor’s perspective as the main actors in the implementation of construction. The </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">methodology used in this research was library research and surveys using questionnaires as data instruments. The analytical method </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">used is principal component analysis, supported by the SPSS program. Based on the analysis results of the environmental factors that </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">influence the construction implementation level using principle component analysis, the total class produced 15 main components </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">and was capable of explaining the various data with a cumulative percentage of 85.672%. From the study results, it can be concluded </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">that the company resource factor was the most influential factor compared with other factors.</span></p> Nelda Maelissa Eko Prihartanto Anisa Ratnasari Copyright (c) 2023 Nelda Maelissa, Eko Prihartanto, Anisa Ratnasari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 3 1 8 12 10.33086/etm.v3i1.4145 Phytoremediation of perfluorochemicals: A review of its advances, feasibility and limitations https://journal2.unusa.ac.id/index.php/ETM/article/view/3724 <p><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">The detection of perfluorochemicals (PFCs) in various environmental compartments has raised attention and driven countermea</span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">sures to reduce their prevalence. Phytoremediation provides a feasible option for PFCs removal from the environment. Crops such as </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">maize, carrots, lettuce, tomato and spinach have demonstrated the ability to phytoextract and phytoaccumulate PFCs. The bioconcen</span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">tration factors (BCFs) of PFCs in plants widely vary with plant types, plant parts, the types of PFCs and the properties of soil. Maize straw </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">for instance was shown to have a high BCF (35.23) for perfluorobutanoic acid in comparison to maize kernel with a BCF of only 0.229 </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">for the same compound. Maize leaves have a BCF of 9.39 for perfluorohexane sulphonic acid and maize roots have a BCF of 8.82 for </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">perfluorooctane sulphonic acid. Carrots were found to degrade fluorotelomers whereas silver birch and long beechfern are good accu</span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">mulators of numerous PFCs. BCFs of perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids are usually negatively correlated to the carbon chain lengths due </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">to decreasing aqueous solubilities with increasing carbon chain lengths which impede root uptake of the compounds. PCFs phytore</span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">mediation is low cost, less energy intensive, operationally simple and environmentally friendly but has the drawbacks of inconsistent </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">performance, long duration, and lacking evidence on mineralization of perfluoroalkyl substances. The use of non-crop plants for PFCs </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">phytoremediation is promulgated due to concern of food wastage and the biomass generated from phytoremediating plants should </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">ideally be suitable as feedstock for bioenergy production. This review contributes to further advancement of PFCs phytoremediation </span><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">by addressing its current limitations.</span></p> Kuok Ho Daniel Tang Copyright (c) 2023 Kuok Ho Daniel Tang https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-04-30 2023-04-30 3 1 1 7 10.33086/etm.v3i1.3724